Constructivist approach: There is no objective reality.
Everybody evaluates his environment differently
The third basic approach in coaching is the constructivist approach. It represents the attitude that each person interprets and evaluates the things and events around him or her and constructs his or her own world view from this.
This world view in turn determines the behaviour of the individual. Based on this assumption, problems are often a client’s failed attempt to fulfil certain needs or wishes - due to an inappropriate interpretation of reality. The way out is to change the perspective. This is exactly where you support your client. Once you have first fully acknowledged his reality, you work together to develop more useful perspectives within in which the problem can be resolved.
The systemic approach takes into account that each client is always part of a system - for example a department or a company.
The solution-oriented approach supports a coaching process that works towards a solution or positive change.